L Van der Waerden
argued that there were three distinct phases of Astrology. The first was omen lore as
above. The second
was closely related
but also had twelve signs of 30 degrees each.
attention was paid to the transits
Jupiter through this zodiac
at about one sign per year. From
came the Chinese practice of assigning each year to a zodiacal sign,
probably the system of annual profections of later horoscopic
astrology. Van der
Waerden dates this
second phase from
about 630 to 450 B.C.E.
third phase of Astrology
incorporates the use of horoscopes into that of the historically
ancient sources mention
"Chaldeans" who cast birthcharts for various persons, including
Diogenes Laertius who said that
according to Aristotle, a Chaldean
Socrates' death from his
birthchart, and that Euripides' father also
son's chart read getting a forecast of his brilliant career.
‘Chaldeans’ refers to astrologers.
makes it clear that the art/science in this period was completely
with late Babylonians, or Chaldeans.
natal charts have been
found, written in cuneiform. Most
to well within the Hellenistic Era, but the oldest was dated by Abraham
to April 29, 410 B.C.E. The translation by Cyril Fagan, follows as:
(?) Nisan (?) night (?) of (?) the (?) 14th (?). . .
of Shuma-usur, son of Shumaiddina, descendant of Deke was born.
that time the Moon was below the "Horn" of the Scorpion
in Pisces, Venus
Taurus, Saturn in Cancer.
in Gemini, Mercury which had set (for the last time) was
(still) in (visible).
. . etc., etc.
is a very rough chart, with
only sign positions given. The
cuneiform charts, though much later in origin, are nearly as terse,
positions given are to a much greater precision.
The positions in the charts correspond
closely to a sidereal
using the Fagan-Allen ayanamsha, than to
these charts are horoscopic
in design, they still do not match the elaborate horoscopic astrology
later Hellenistic Era. There
is not much
concrete information about Astrology after the evolution of Astrology
early Babylonian charts. Project
Hindsight contains many
old texts, which point to the birthplace of Astrology as we know it, in
is not the Egypt of the
Pharaohs. This is a
much later Egypt,
after they had made close contact with the Babylonians, and ideas had
earlier Egypt, that of the
Pharaohs, had a great interest in astronomy.
This is evidenced in the alignment of
buildings and temples, to
astronomy was centered around the stars, and
little attention to the planets. The
Egyptians aligned their temples to the stars as a way of bringing about
sympathy between terrestrial structures, and the stars they were
Egyptian obsession with the
stars was greater than any other culture before or since. Pharaonic death rituals
inside the Great
Pyramid included strapping a phallus to the sarcophagus of the dead
aligning it with a shaft in the wall.
shaft ran to the outside of the pyramid,
and aligned with the star
they called Isis, so that the dead Pharaoh
could, as his last act,
the Goddess to give birth to the next Pharaoh.
a look at a satellite view
of the Giza Plateau with the Nile running beside the pyramids. Then take a picture of the
Orion, with the Milky Way running next to it.
will find that they are duplicate images,
the three Great Pyramids
being the belt. This is an
extreme that no other culture ever thought to go to.
critical factors which lead
to the fusion of Egyptian ideas, and Babylonian astronomy was one or
two historical events. The
Egypt by Persia, and the conquest of both Persia and Egypt by Alexander
cases, Egypt and Babylon
were ruled by the same regime at the same time.
In the case of the Persian Empire, the
Persians became ardent devotees
of astrology. This
would have assisted
the movement of astrological ideas into Egypt.
ancients clearly knew that
astrology had something to do with Babylon, they called Astrologers
but they gave principal credit to the Egyptians.
academics pass this off as being
fashionable for the time, with no historical basis.
Ancient writers did in fact attribute
astrology to persons dating as far back as the Pharaohs.
there is no reason
to assume that the
ancients were not correct in their association of Egypt with being the
source of horoscopic astrology. It
as far back as they thought.
what did the Egyptians add to
Mesopotamian astrology? Here
really messy. There
is no way to know
for sure. Most
evidence is supposition
based on logic from what little we do know.
use of a rising degree may have been
attribute Houses, or signs used as Houses to Hermes.
This would be a reference to Hellenistic
is probable that Aspects are
Egyptian, but no one can say for sure.
lots, as well as most of the systems of rulership are almost certainly
in origin. Only the
clear origins in Mesopotamia.
is most likely that the entire
system of horoscopic astrology was in place by the first year
C.E. It may have been in place
but we don’t know. One
of the facts that
Project Hindsight believes they have found, in their studies of the
writers, is that those Greeks are already dealing with a later era of
It’s Greek To Me!
of these writers, Vettius
Valens, actually went traveling through Egypt looking for
traditions, much like modern Americans have gone to India to study
and various other sacred teachings.
most of the Greek writers
have studied from books, Valens studied with at least a few living
the old traditions. It is clear from his writings that much of what
would never have been written down but for Valens.
the original language
used to record Egyptian astrological data earlier, by 1 C.E. it was all
Greek. All the
Egyptian texts that are
referenced in later literature were all written in Greek. Some may have been Greek
translations of earlier
Coptic writings, but any such Coptic texts have long been lost.
use of Greek for writings is
though the Persian
Empire was massive, and included many cultures, no single language came
was most certainly
used for official purposes, but otherwise, the language used, both
written, depended on the geographic location. Egyptians still spoke
Babylonians still spoke their Akkadian Dialect, and wrote in cuneiform.
Alexander the Great
conquered Egypt and Persia, and advanced as far as India, he brought
with him the
Greek language, culture, and writing.
Greek was not just the language for
purpose, it became the
standard language used for any communication between ethnic cultures.
Egyptian and wrote
Coptic among themselves, but any communication with another culture
been done in Greek. Anyone
from Greece in the West, to India in the East, or Egypt in the south,
able to communicate effectively in Greek.
Any idea expressed in Greek would have
same range of travel.
after the Persian revivals,
the Bactrian people of what is now
Afghanistan and Pakistan continued
Greek speaking rulers up into the early centuries of the Common Era. This means that Babylonian
in Egyptian astrology, not to mention Egyptian methods, could travel to
such as India very easily.
accounts for the fact that
all of the technical words in Indian astrology, whose origins can be
another language, are Greek. They are not Babylonian, nor Coptic, nor
Egyptian. What is also interesting is that there appear to be few, if
technical words in Greek astrology that have their origins in any other
Love the VooDoo that Hindu
is a partial list of
some of the terms in Hindu astrology that appear to have a Greek
of the above words had
equivalents in Sanskrit, which most likely preceded the introduction of
Greek into India. Following
which have no Sanskrit equivalent or roots, and seem to have completely
Void of Course
to which Hindu astrology is based on Hellenistic astrology is extremely
authors of the Hindu
School would like to deny any basis at all, but considering the House
Aspect words, this is unlikely. There
are Westerners who believe that Hindu astrology came entirely from the
more accurately, the Middle East.
differences between Hindu and Hellenistic astrology, but that doesn’t
they don’t have the same or similar origin.
All that would be required is a period
isolation after unity, long
enough for divergence so that the Eastern branch could merge with
traditions already in place. Hindu
astrology may not be a principal offshoot of Hellenistic astrology,
required period of isolation did occur, which would allow a single
126 B.C.E. the Parthians (Persians) rose up and
re-conquered most of the
Persian Empire from the Seleucids, who succeeded Alexander. The Parthians retook
everything of the old
Empire except the part nearest the Mediterranean, and in the northwest
India. They were
extremely hostile to
the Greeks, and later, the Romans, cutting off communication between
Hellenistic peoples in the West, and the Bactrian Greeks in Afghanistan
records from the 4th and 5th
centuries C.E. mention a new
Sun Cult, coming from the West. Since
Christianity displaced the worship of Sol Invictus, (The Unconquered
may be that Hindu astrology got input from a new group fleeing
persecution in the West. Whatever
Hindu astrology may have gotten from the West, it is clear that they
modified, and adapted it with their own native traditions.
Astrology – The Birth
separations would have had another effect.
Persians had always been enthusiastic
seems only logical that they would have
built on what they got from the Mesopotamians and Greeks. When they were overthrown
in 227 C.E. by the
Sassanid Persians, they too would have continued Persian traditions of
Arabs came, most of the literature of the Zoroastrian Sassanids was
including their astrological works.
Fortunately we have a good idea of what
astrology may have looked
like. Most of the
great astrologers of
the Arab era were Persian. The
they taught is very different from both Hindu and Greek. It had orbs of aspect, the
Great Cycles of
Jupiter and Saturn, all of the elaborate systems of planetary
as Refrenation, Frustration, Abscission of Light, Translation of Light
Arab Era astrology has clear roots in Hellenistic astrology, in the two
three centuries between the last Hellenistic astrologers, and the first
Era astrologers, something new had come into play.
This was most likely the Persian form of
astrology. Arab Era
astrology is the
immediate ancestor of modern Western astrology of today.
this history was taken primarily from “The History of Astrology –
By Robert Hand
names for the planets comes from “Historical
Astrology In Egypt”